Research Desk

Jul 17, 2019

A district court found that there was no federal question jurisdiction over state law-based claims against a pacemaker manufacturer simply because pacemaker was a Class III medical device subject to FDA approval. The court held that the federal question at issue was significant to the parties but did not "transcend the parties, affect the government’s operations, or challenge federal law in a manner evidencing the importance of the issue to the federal system as a whole".

 

Jul 17, 2019

The death rate in Scotland is now more than three times that of England and Wales. Scotland’s drug-related death toll has increased by 27% over the past year to reach a record high of 1,187, putting the country on a par in terms of the fatality rate per capita with the United States, where synthetic opioids such as fentanyl have devastated drug-using populations. 

Jul 16, 2019

A new study from The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice states that care management and coordination activities had no association with improved outcomes and lower spending in pateints who had complex needs. The new rule is expected to save Medicare about $2.9 billion over 10 years.

Jul 15, 2019

People who drink a lot of sugary drinks have a higher risk of developing cancer, although the evidence cannot establish a direct causal link, researchers said. The researchers also adjusted for several confounding cancer risk factors, including age, sex, educational level, family history, smoking, and physical activity levels.

Jul 15, 2019

Asthma is often not well controlled during pregnancy, especially among publicly-insured women, according to a U.S. study. Hernandez-Diaz and her colleagues analyzed medical information on more than 2.6 million women in two claims databases.  Women with poorly controlled asthma were more likely to be smokers, obese and use other non-asthma-related medications. 40% of the women with uncontrolled asthma didn’t fill a prescription for a long-acting control medication during pregnancy.

Jul 15, 2019

Sun safety practices for attendees at skin cancer screening events differ from the general public, according to findings published by researchers from the George Washington University (GW) Cancer Center. A survey result found that respondents from the screening group were significantly more likely to always wear sunscreen, always seek shade, and always or sometimes wear sun-protective clothing than the public group. These data suggest that individuals who do not typically attend free screenings may have greater gaps in sun-protective knowledge and behavior, highlighting the need to reach these populations through different mechanisms.

Jul 15, 2019

Young athletes who do not achieve a 90 percent score on a battery of tests that measure fitness to return to athletic competition, including quadriceps strength, are at increased risk for a second knee injury, according to research. The researchers sought to determine if successfully passing all six measures resulted in a reduced risk of second ACL injury in the first 24 months after returning to their sport, as well as to assess if the ability to successfully pass individual return-to-sport criteria resulted in reduced risk of a second ACL injury.

 

Jul 15, 2019

In head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), whether aberrant cell growth is inhibited by metformin via its direct action on HNSCC cells, was investigated in this study. Researchers engineered representative HPV- and HPV+ HNSCC cells harboring typical genetic alternations to express the yeast mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase (NDI1) protein (which is insensitive to metformin). This was done to determine the tumor cell-autonomous impacts of metformin.

Jul 15, 2019

Emergency room and hospital physicians commonly prescribed opioids to almost 30% of gout patients as a treatment for acute attacks. Hospital physicians overlooking other effective treatments could add to the opioid crisis.

Jul 14, 2019

Surgery to attach functioning nerves plus physical therapy helped tetraplegic patients grasp, pinch, and open and close their hands, study finds.